What is Cornea Transplant?
A corneal transplant is the process of removing all, or part of, a cloudy or scared or abnormally shaped cornea and replacing it with a healthy donor’s cornea.
Who can undergo corneal transplant??
- Cornea scarring because of an injury or an infection
- Corneal ulcers
- Thinning, clouding, or swelling of the cornea
- Inherited eye diseases, such as Fuchs’ dystrophy and others
Types of corneal transplants we perform :
- Penetrating Keratoplasty (PK): This is a full-thickness corneal transplant used to treat diseases that affect the full thickness of the cornea.
- Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty (ALK, DALK): This is a partial thickness corneal transplant used to treat diseases which affect the stroma (the front layers of the cornea), such as Keratoconus or certain dystrophies.
- Therapeutic keratoplasty: Done in cases of severe corneal infections and ulcers or perforation
- Endothelial Keratoplast (DSAEK, DMEK) : This is a partial-thikness corneal transplant use to treat diseases where only the endothelium (the back layer of the cornea) is affected, such as Fuchs Endothelial Dystrophy.
In this disease the shape of your cornea starts changing, specially seen in young adults, can be diagnosed on ophthalmic examination.
Mild to moderate cases we perform Collagen cross-linking where we strengthen the cornea.
Severe cases requires corneal transplant.