Who will benefit from phacoemulsification?
Most people suffering from cataracts will benefit from this procedure. Best results are obtained in persons with early cataracts. It is preferable not to wait until the cataract is ripe and vision is excessively low since the cataract will be too hard for the phacoemulsifier. Surgery is indicated as soon as vision is not adequate for daily activities.
Do I have to undergo any investigations before surgery?
Your ophthalmologist will make sure there are no associated pathologies, which can interfere with the prognosis, by making an extensive examination of your eyes including pupil dilatation. A measurement of your eye's length and corneal curvature is crucial for calculating the power of the intraocular lens to be implanted. Systemic examination includes tests like blood sugar, blood pressure examination, ECG etc.
What should I do during surgery?
During the procedure your face will be covered with sterile drapes and you should keep your eye as still as possible. A small device will hold your lids open. Usually looking at the operating microscope's light is a good reference point. You will occasionally feel cold water over your eye that may even go down your cheek. This is the solution needed to keep your eye properly hydrated.
Is phacoemulsification painful? How long does it take?
Phacoemulsification is performed under topical anesthesia (anesthetic eyedrops). No injections or general anesthesia are required. The patient is awake during the procedure feeling no pain at all. Phacoemulsification takes about 8 - 10 minutes per eye. Once finished, you will go home without need for hospitalization.